1)In The Prince, Machiavelli wrote, “The good prince ought to be both feared and loved, but as it is difficult for the two go together, it is much safer to be feared than lovedâ€¦Still, the prince should make himself feared in such a way that if he does not gain love, he at any rate avoids hatred.” What is the significance of this quote to Machiavelli’s recommended form of government?
2)Who said the following quote and how this statement reflect his views on politics and governance?
“By pursuing self-interest, the individual promotes the interests of society more effectively than if he actually intended to promote the common good.â€
3)How would Machiavelli respond to this quote, “The state/polis, which aims at achieving the Good to a greater degree than the others, is the best polis”?
4)How would Rousseau and Locke respond to this quote, “Nature implants a social instinct in man. When man is separated from law/justice, he is the worst of all animals”?
5)Compare and contrast Machiavelli’s recommendations in The Prince and The Discourses, and explain whether Machiavelli is consistent in his recommendations in the two works for the best form of government evaluating how Machiavellian (Using clever but often dishonest methods that deceive people so that you can win power or control.) is Machiavelli.
6)Compare and contrast the social contract theories of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. Include in your responses a comparison of their states of nature, and how their descriptions of the state of nature lead to their concepts of the social contract and their recommendations for the best form of government.
7)Explain Adam Smith’s political philosophy about the origin of society, the reasons people form governments, and the role of government. Then compare and contrast Smith’s thought with those of Locke and Rousseau.