What is the difference between a Literature Review and a Literature Search?
The term literature “reviewâ€ (LR) entails extensive searching for the most current and research-based information on a topic and developing a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge in that topic, also guiding evidenced-based care. An LR requires retrieval of high levels of evidence, extensive exploration of literature, and a formal appraisal and report of literature found.
A literature “searchâ€ (LS) is not as extensive as an LR. Both LR and LS require a search or review of the literature and should include current professional peer-reviewed resources. The LS requires a critical look at the resources to ascertain the resourceâ€™s strength before using it for the assignment, but not necessarily an in-depth formal appraisal. The LS is a written report that summarizes the current knowledge on a given issue. It identifies consistencies, contradictions, and gaps in published, peer-reviewed literature from primary sources, if possible. Consider a full range of information on the topic and information that may conflict with personal position/values.
Students will utilize the LS to become acquainted with relevant professional nursing literature related to an issue impacting practice for this course. Â
**Steps to developing a Literature Search:Â
1) Determine topic: immunizations
2) Compile a list of at LEAST 5 Key Words. Keywords are those words/terms databases used to sort and categorize resources. The key to a good search is the use of Key Words.Â
3) Use the keywords/terms to search current references.
4) Use appropriate databases (CINAHL is one of the best for nursing research); search e-books; use reputable online sources ONLY**